With our increasing dependency on electronic gadgets and the internet, the risks of ourselves facing cyber-attacks have risen remarkably. It is important to protect our hardware, software, and sensitive data from the attackers. Basically, the attacks can be differentiated into three types; intrusion, blocking, and malware.
Intrusions are characterized by the attacks which are meant to breach the security and gain unauthorized access to a system. In general, this is the way how we have been understanding what hackers do. Unauthorized access to the systems may lead to the theft of sensitive information, manipulation of the systems, and more illegal activities which may lead to significant loss of property. Blocking is characterized by attacks that are designed to prevent legitimate access to the system. These are often called Denial of Service (DOS) Attacks. Malware is the most common threat to end-users. These include virus attacks, trojan horse, phishing, spyware, ransomware, where the attackers install malicious software into our systems and take control over it.
To control these risks the term ‘cybersecurity’ comes into action. Wikipedia defines cybersecurity as the protection of computer systems and networks from the theft of or damage to their hardware, software, or electronic data, as well as from the disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. The primary purpose of cybersecurity is to protect against cyberattacks like accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information.
Here are 10 common cybersafety tips that can keep you and your systems safe:
- Use strong passwords for authentication. Do not use the same password for different applications, better use trustworthy password managers (applications) if you have a problem remembering passwords.
- Do not click on the unknown links and emails before their authenticity is confirmed. And strictly avoid clicking if the links are fancy and charming.
- Use multi-factor authentication; generally works as what you know (your password) and what you have (mobile phone).
- Keep your systems and antivirus up to date, enable the firewall.
- Always backup your important data, use an authentic operating system.
- Better not to use public wi-fi, strictly avoid using public wifis to perform your online transactions.
- Use pseudo names and temporary emails to sign up on the internet unless important.
- Avoid using your exact geolocation (while using ride-sharing apps, food delivery apps).
- Do not use your primary SIM card number for One Time Password (if you have, better use your secondary sim card for this purpose).
- Use a strong Network SSID password (wifi password) at home, don’t forget to change your default router login credentials (generally admin, admin) and better not share your wifi password with others (if possible).